CHESS THE SPORT OF THE MIND
This fabulous strategy game has 16 white pieces and 16 black pieces that are placed on a squared board divided into 64 squares or squares (8x8), alternated in black and white colors and whose objective is to 'overthrow' the opponent's king.
I will give you a hint about the number of different movements that can be made throughout a game. There are 318,979,564,000 ways to play the first four turns in chess, but if we go to the first 10 moves, we find that there are 169,518,829,100,544,000,000,000,000,000 different ways to play them.
The word adolescent or even child is closely related to the world of chess. Here you have a list of the most precocious Grand Masters in history, with the exact age at which they obtained that title:
- Bobby Fischer (USA) 15 years, 6 months and one day. - Judit Polgar (Hungary) 15 years, 4 months and 28 days. - Humpy Koneru (India) 15 years, 1 month and 27 days. - Peter Leko (Hungary) 14 years, 4 months and 22 days. - Etienne Bacrot (France) 14 years and 2 months. - Ruslan Ponomariov (Ukraine) 14 years and 17 days. - Teimour Radjabov (Azerbaijan) 13 years, 10 months and 13 days. - Bu Xiangzhi (China) 13 years, 10 months and 13 days. - Magnus Carlsen (Norway) 13 years, 3 months and 27 days. - Sergey Karjakin (Ukraine) 12 years and 7 months.
The longest reign as world champion was for Emanuel Lasker who spent 27 years at the helm, from 1894 to 1921, the year he was defeated by José Raúl Capablanca, although it must be said that the First World War could extend this reign, since it they had to postpone the planned confrontations against Rubinstein and Capablanca. The next player who has held the champion's scepter the longest has been a legend, the great Garry Kasparov who held it for 15 years, from 1985 to 2000, having around rivals the size of Anatoli Karpov, great confrontations were brought to us by these 'enemies. intimate '. Undoubtedly, these games went far beyond the sporting sphere, both were idols in the USSR, the Russian Karpov represented the old guard and the Azerbaijani Kasparov, the perestroika. Over six years, one month and 28 days they faced each other five times for the world chess title, 144 games played in this period and, although on three occasions the title went to Kasparov, one was a draw and the other was suspended, the total balance tells us that Kasparov won 21 games, Karpov 19 and 104 were drawn, how close heaven was to hell! Magnus Carlsen is world champion from 2013 to the present. This player has the highest Elo score in history with 2,882 points achieved in May 2014; it even reached a higher mark (2,889 points) in the tournament standings. To date, only 12 grandmasters have reached 2,800 points. Carlsen does not stop breaking records, yesterday December 3, 2,021 he has won the longest game of a Chess World Cup, in 8 hours and after 136 moves.